U.S. immigration options for Filipino nurses today
By Cristina Godinez • November 23, 2021
The U.S. nurse staffing shortage is already nearing crisis levels as the pandemic takes its toll on healthcare frontliners. It has reached the point where the nurses themselves took to the streets in New York City to call for action.
There is no quick fix for a staffing shortage that had been festering for years only to be made worse by the Covid-19 pandemic. But healthcare facilities are not helpless. Despite the broken U.S. immigration system, there are still options for nurse immigration.
Now is as good a time as any to start drawing up a multi-year staff acquisition plan for bringing in foreign Registered Nurses (RNs).
Foreign nurses may come to the U.S. ideally as immigrant workers or as temporary (or nonimmigrant) workers.
The Immigrant Visa (Green Card) Option
The most preferred manner of entry into the U.S. nursing profession is the immigrant visa (or green card) option.
Do you know that visas are available for most Filipino workers who are immigrating to the U.S.?
For Filipino nurses immigrating to the U.S., this means there is currently no visa backlog which used to stretch to about 5 years.
Visa backlogs occur when the number of immigrant visa applications exceed the annual visa quota under the law. And since many Filipinos seek to immigrate to the U.S., the visa quotas for the Philippines are generally oversubscribed.
The immigrant visa option means a healthcare facility can sponsor a foreign nurse for a full-time, permanent job in the U.S. The foreign nurse therefore enters the U.S. as an immigrant ready and able to work at the earliest opportunity.
The U.S. immigration process for nurses is relatively shorter and less complicated than for other professions. U.S. medical facilities and nursing homes who sponsor Filipino RNs need not go through the long and costly step of applying for foreign labor certification because nursing is already pre-certified as a shortage occupation.
In general, Filipino nurses planning to immigrate to the U.S. should have passed the National Council Licensure Exam (NCLEX) for nurses and the English language proficiency test (IELTS Academic), and must also possess a nursing degree, an unrestricted RN license in the Philippines, nursing experience and credentials evaluation by the Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools (CGFNS). They must also meet state-specific nurse licensing requirements.
With immigrant visas currently available to Filipino nurses without having to wait for several years, there is good reason for medical and nursing facilities to consider foreign nurse recruitment as part of a comprehensive staff acquisition plan.
Temporary Working Visas
Among the nonimmigrant visa options, the most popular is the H-1B working visa for professionals.
The H-1B visa program is for workers who will fill U.S. positions that are considered “specialty” or “professional” occupations, meaning, a worker must have at least a bachelor’s degree or its equivalent for entry in these jobs. Examples of specialty occupations are engineers, certain Information Technology professionals, teachers, accountants, financial managers, occupational therapists, etc. Many RN positions in the U.S. do not qualify for H-1B because they do not normally require a U.S. bachelor’s or higher degree in nursing (or its equivalent) as the minimum requirement for entry level positions.
Regulations however have clarified that there are 3 general groups of nursing jobs that may be eligible for H-1B visa sponsorship: first, nursing jobs at facilities under the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) Magnet Recognition program; second, highly specialized and complex nursing jobs that require at least a bachelor’s degree like addiction nurses, critical care nurses, nephrology, cardiac or pediatric nurses, etc.,; and third, Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRN), such as Certified Nurse- Midwife, Certified Nurse Practitioner or Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist.
The H-1B visa allows the nurse to work in the U.S. for a maximum period of six (6) years. One major advantage of this type of visa is that an H-1B worker is allowed to concurrently pursue his/her green card case while working in the U.S.
There are also temporary working visas for Filipino nurses who have become naturalized citizens of other countries such as the TN visas for Canadian and Mexican citizens, or the E-3 professional visas for Australian citizens.
The nursing shortage is likely to get worse before it gets better. Medical facilities and nursing homes can still get ahead, if they plan ahead. Foreign nurse sponsorship can be part of that plan.